EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT HAND SANITIZERS FOR COVID-19

March 19, 2020 by Imara Mediplus2
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These are liquids/ gels that reduce levels of microorganisms by killing them chemically, just like disinfectants kill germs on environmental surfaces.

There are two main types of hand sanitizers: alcohol-based and alcohol-free.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers contain varying amounts and types of alcohol, often between 60% and 95% and usually isopropyl alcohol, ethanol (ethyl alcohol) or n-propanol. Alcohol is known to be able to kill most germs. It attacks and destroys the envelope protein that surrounds some viruses, including coronaviruses. This protein is vital for a virus’s survival and multiplication. But a hand sanitizer needs to be at least 60% alcohol in order to kill most viruses.

Alcohol-free hand sanitizers contain something called quaternary ammonium compounds (usually benzalkonium chloride) instead of alcohol. These can reduce microbes but are less effective than alcohol. Alternatively, 0.05% hypochlorite may be used as hand sanitizer. This compound is commonly known as jik. When diluted correctly, its stronger than alcohol-based hand sanitizers, as it also destroys fungi which is not destroyed by alcohol sanitizers.

With the recent pandemic of COVID 19 and sanitizers stocks running out, it is necessary for one to know of how to make theirs. However, note that all extemporaneous preparations, should be made by qualified pharmacists only.

 

So what ingredients are needed to make alcohol-based sanitizer

  1. isopropyl alcohol/ ethanol/ surgical spirit
  2. glycerin/ aloe-vera gel
  1. Peroxide
  2. Boiled/ distilled water
  3. Measuring bottle

Ingredients for non-alcohol-based sanitizer

  1. 5% hypochlorite/ jik
  1. Boiled/ distilled water
  2. Measuring bottle

 

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS/ METHOD:

  • Make the hand sanitizer in a clean space. Wipe down counter tops with a diluted bleach solution beforehand.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before making the hand sanitizer.
  • To mix, use a clean spoon and whisk. Wash these items thoroughly before using them.
  • Make sure the alcohol used for the hand sanitizer is not diluted.
  • Mix all the ingredients thoroughly until they are well blended.
  • Do not touch the mixture with your hands until it is ready for use.
  • Transfer the liquid in appropriate containers.

REMEMBER: Always clean your hands

  • Before touching your face or eyes
  • After touching doors or other surfaces
  • After using the bathroom
  • After handling paper and other public material
  • After greeting or touching others

Contact us for further assistance:

0722353250

We also supply and assist in preparation of hand sanitizer for all our clients and partners.

References:

  1. Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya
  2. WHO STANDARD PRECAUTIONS IN HEALTH
  3. Kenya MHO – KENYA INFECTION CONTROL POLICY
  4. CDC INFECTION CONTROL GUIDELINE

#QualityHealthcare

 

 


2 comments

  • Beatrice

    March 19, 2020 at 3:34 pm

    Can one use dettol?

    Reply

    • Imara Mediplus

      April 3, 2020 at 11:19 am

      Hi Beatrice,
      Please note that it is not advisable to use dettol as hand sanitizer. Please use running water and soap and if there is no sanitizer.
      Thank you for your inquiry and remember to stay safe!

      Reply

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