WHAT IS DIABETES

November 14, 2017 by Imara Mediplus2

WHAT IS DIABETES?diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that causes uncontrolled high blood sugar. Food such as rice, ugali and bread are naturally broken down by the body to form blood glucose aka blood sugar. Blood sugar is used to provide your body with strength and energy. The levels of this blood sugar are normalized by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. However, in diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce adequate amounts of insulin or in certain cases, it doesn’t respond to the insulin it produces.

TYPES OF DIABETES:Glucometer with sugar level, healthy food, dumbbells and centimeter, diabetes

There are 2 main types of diabetes:

  1. Diabetes type 1- This is where the body does not produce adequate amounts of insulin. It is usually caused by an autoimmune response against the pancreas i.e. the body produces antibodies against its own pancreas. Ultimately, the pancreas is destroyed and thus cannot produce adequate insulin to support control of blood sugar. This type commonly occurs in childhood.
  2. Diabetes type 2- This is where the body does not respond properly to the insulin it produces. It most commonly occurs in adulthood. It is also frequently associated with obesity and a family history of diabetes.

HOW TO DETECT:

Diabetes is detected by having a random blood sugar test. This test is available at Imara Mediplus Hospital and other Hospitals. The test measures the level of blood sugar, levels above normal may be a sign of diabetes and the doctor may request for other tests to confirm the diagnosis.

WHO SHOULD GET TESTED?

The following people are more likely to develop diabetes:

  • Pregnant women
  • Obese
  • Family history of diabetes
  • High blood pressure

WORLD DIABETES DAY:world-diabetes-day

14th November is world diabetes day. The mission is to promote knowledge on diabetes, promote care, prevention and cure of diabetes in the world.


2 comments

  • Tom

    November 14, 2017 at 1:18 pm

    nice

    Reply

  • liz mwenda

    November 14, 2017 at 4:40 pm

    This thing is awesome….
    Educating diabetic patient on management of their condition more so those who are hypertensive…
    Am grateful you are encouraging people from the community to go to the nearest hospital and get tested of diabetes…
    On the same I have a question why this days the therapy being given to the diabetic patients has side effect of kuchaganyikiwa like I have seen that from my two close family members ….they are diabetic ..recently they have taken those drugs wakaanza kuchagantijiwa and when they stopped they were owk

    Reply

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